Supreme Court

   At the top of the judicial hierarchy in Israel is the Supreme Court. There is a president or chief justice and a number (determined by the Knesset) of associate justices. The court has original and appellate jurisdiction. It hears appeals from lower courts in civil and criminal matters. It has original jurisdiction in matters seeking relief against administrative decisions that are not within the jurisdiction of any court. In this instance, it may restrain or direct government agencies or other public bodies. It also plays a role in certain instances with regard to actions of religious courts. The Supreme Court serves as a guardian of fundamental rights, protecting individuals from arbitrary actions by public officials or state bodies or agencies. While it does not formally have the power of judicial review and cannot invalidate the legislation of the Knesset, the Supreme Court has in recent years adopted a more active role in defining general social mores. This increased activism has prompted a forceful backlash by conservative elements of Israeli society, especially the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community.
   Former chief justices are Moshe Zmora (1948-54), Yitzhak Olshan (1954-65), Shimon Agranat (1965-76), Yoel Zussman (1976-80), Moshe Landau (1980-82), Yitzhak Kahan (1982-83), Meir Sham-gar (1983-95), and Aharon Barak (1995-2006). Dorit Beinish has been chief justice since 2006.
   See also Basic Law: the <

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Supreme Court — su·preme court n 1: the highest court in a nation or state; specif cap S&C: the highest court in the judicial branch of the U.S. government that has original jurisdiction over controversies involving ambassadors or other ministers or consuls but… …   Law dictionary

  • Supreme Court — ➔ court1 * * * Supreme Court UK US noun [C, usually singular] ► LAW the most important court in a country or state, especially the most important court in the US: »It took the intervention of the Supreme Court for a winner in the election to be… …   Financial and business terms

  • Supreme Court — Supreme′ Court′ n. 1) law the highest court of the U.S 2) law (l.c.) the highest court of a state or, in some states, a court of general jurisdiction subordinate to an appeals court …   From formal English to slang

  • Supreme Court — n. ☆ 1. the highest U.S. federal court, consisting of nine judges: its decisions are final and take precedence over those of all other judicial bodies in the country ☆ 2. the highest court in most states …   English World dictionary

  • supreme court — ► NOUN ▪ the highest judicial court in a country or state …   English terms dictionary

  • Supreme Court — (spr. ßjuprīm kōrt), Bezeichnung für den obersten Gerichtshof von England und den Vereinigten Staaten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Supreme court — For specific national supreme courts, see List of national supreme courts. A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court,… …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court — noun the highest federal court in the United States; has final appellate jurisdiction and has jurisdiction over all other courts in the nation (Freq. 2) • Syn: ↑Supreme Court of the United States, ↑United States Supreme Court • Topics: ↑law,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • supreme court — noun the highest court in most states of the United States • Syn: ↑state supreme court, ↑high court • Topics: ↑law, ↑jurisprudence • Hypernyms: ↑court, ↑tribunal, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Supreme Court — Ein oberstes Gericht ist das letzte Glied eines Instanzenzuges. Länder des kontinentaleuropäischen Rechtskreises kennen meist kein einheitliches oberstes Gericht (vgl. Lage in der Schweiz). Dort gibt es meist nach Rechtsgebieten getrennte oberste …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court — Su|p|reme Court [sjʊ pri:m kɔ:t ], der; s, s [engl., aus: supreme = höchst… u. court = Gericht]: oberster Gerichtshof (bzw. oberste Instanz) in einigen Staaten mit angloamerikanischem Recht. * * * Supreme Court   [sʊ priːm kɔːt] der, , in einigen …   Universal-Lexikon

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